Germany’s Hop Yield Down By 20%; Encourages Brewers to ‘Embrace Modern Varieties’
Germany’s Hop Crop is down by 20% this year. Owing it to the drought and heat wave, hop yield has significantly gone down. Europe’s hot and dry growing season will result in lower yields this year from some of the world’s largest hop producing countries, hop giant BarthHaas reports.
Germany, which recorded the second largest hop acreage in 2021 after the U.S., is expected to record a hop yield of 38.103 tonnes this year, -18% below its average yield and -20% below 2021 yields. In 2021, the US and Germany accounted for about 73% of the global hop acreage as per Bath Haas’ August Hop Report.
Growing conditions in Europe have been characterized by above average temperatures through most of the growing season and below average precipitation. The official crop estimate for Germany is showing a yield that is 18% below what one would expect from a normal crop.
Particularly the early maturing varieties (Hallertau Mittelfrüh, Northern Brewer, Hall. Tradition, Perle) are affected and will yield poorly. Rainfalls towards the end of August are giving hope for the later maturing varieties that still have time to recover. Early alpha acid screening indicates, as can be expected, that alpha acid levels will also be below their respective long-term average.
The other European growing areas have seen similar conditions and crop expectations are a mixed bag compared to 2021. After a record crop in 2021 the Czech Republic is in store for a very poor crop this year.
Understanding the market
What all of this means for the markets is very hard to gauge. There is certainly supply from previous crops that will help to mitigate the shortfall, but these inventories are not necessarily of the varieties that are most needed.
Many brewers are reporting very good beer production volumes for the first half of 2022 as the on- premise business is back in full swing. Some have even exceeded their output levels of the first six months of 2019. Therefore, demand is mostly strong across the globe.
Overall, we believe there is enough supply available to satisfy demand, but it will require the cooperation and flexibility from brewers with regards to crop year and varieties. The 2022 hop crop will also present an opportunity to make corrections to over-contracted forward positions. Finding the right price point for every variety in the spot market will prove tricky in view of a short crop 2022 in combination with inventories from previous crops at very variable levels.
What is certain is that forward prices will be higher than in the past. Growers are facing significant cost increases, much higher than general inflation, and will not be able to operate at historic price levels. We also encourage brewers to embrace modern varieties that are better suited to the changing climate and provide more stable yields than the well-known workhorses of the past.
For a more detailed report by Barth Haas, visit their website here.